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4 Receding Gum Causes 

Unlike most gum diseases, receding gums are usually caused by mechanical forces rather than bacterial issues.   If your gums are receding, brushing, flossing, rinsing or tooth picking more may not be the answer. In fact, it could make the problem worse.

In this article, learn more about the causes of gum recession.

1. Brushing Too Hard

Brushing too hard or with the wrong brushing motion is one common cause of receding gums.

Using a hard bristled toothbrush or "scrubbing" teeth can cause gums to recede. 

Don't be afraid to brush your gum line. Just be sure to use this technique, a soft toothbrush and a non abrasive toothpaste.

If you have receding gums you may want to brush with mouthwash instead of toothpaste once a day.  Mouthwash is less abrasive and will freshen your breath. 

2. Teeth Clenching or Grinding

Teeth Clenching puts too much lateral pressure on your teeth and causes gums to recede.  Teeth are never meant to touch much less be tightly clenched together.  Ideal resting position for both the jaw (TMJ) and teeth is upper and lower teeth held slightly apart.

Since most clenching occurs at night, most are unaware of this habit. It is important to watch for gum recession and ask your dentist to inform you of slight gum recession that you may not have noticed.

More about teeth clenching here.

3. Crowded or Misaligned Teeth

Crowded teeth have an uneven biting force.   Teeth that are crowded are almost impossible to keep clean with proper brushing motion.  Teeth that are misaligned or crowded may not have enough bone or gum tissue supporting them.

4. Genetic Tendency

Some inherit thinner gum tissue that recedes easily.  Those with a petite build are more prone to gum recession. 

Less common causes include: chewing tobacco, lip piercings that are constantly rubbing against the gum line and eating disorders.

Many cases of gum recession involve a combination of causes.

5 Signs of a Receding Gums

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