What is the cause of bleeding gums?

Bleeding gums can be a source of worry and concern when you don't know the cause of the problem or how to fix it.  This question from Dominic is a good example.

Dominic's question

What is the cause of bleeding gums? 

I woke up this morning and I felt a little pain I on my left side of my jaw.

I went to check in the mirror and I found an area of my gums between two teeth that seemed a little swollen and is bleeding. 

But it's only that one area between two teeth. Nothing more. 

Is it possible to have gingivitis in only a small area?

My reply

Hi Dominic, Yes it is very possible.

Gingivitis is the inflammation of your gums. Gingivitis that occurs in just one spot is called localized, if you have it everywhere it is called generalized.


Less is more when it comes to gingivitis... good for you that it is localized. It's also really good that gingivitis can be fixed.


It is possible that you have something stuck between your teeth and under your gums in that one area.  Impacted food is a common cause of localized  inflammation and bleeding gums.


I know that spot is sore, but try gently flossing it, then dip your tooth brush in some Listerine mouthwash and massage the rinse into your gums.

You may need to floss it a few times to remove whatever is stuck.

Even if you don't see anything come out, you should be able to tell after working on the area for a few minutes if it is helping. The pressure should be relieved a little bit and you should notice the soreness improving. 

Don't over-do it if you are not making progress.

If your efforts are not working, see your dentist.

Whether you can fix the problem or you need help from your dentist, gingivitis that comes from having something stuck between your teeth is the easiest type to cure:)

Here is more about gingivitis...


Thank you for writing and good luck,

~Shelly

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