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What Causes Chronic Gingivitis? 

Chronic gingivitis is  caused by a combination of factors.

If your gingivitis symptoms don't improve after you have made a significant effort to improve your brushing and flossing technique, you probably have chronic gingivitis.

In addition to keeping plaque off your teeth, addressing other possible causes will help improve this condition.

The health of your gums can impact your overall health and the reverse is also true - Your overall health can impact the health of your gums.  


4  Chronic Gingivitis Causes

1. Hormonal Changes

Hormonal changes and poor brushing and flossing make teens more prone to gingivitis.

Once hormones level out and they develop better hygiene habits, teenage gingivitis usually clears up.

Women can be more prone to gingivitis during their period.  Peri menopause and menopause can also make women more likely to have gingivitis.

2. Orthodontic treatment

Because it is difficult to remove plaque that accumulates around orthodontic devices, kids or adults wearing many types of orthodontic braces or brackets are likely to have gingivitis.

Once gums are swollen its even more difficult to clean around orthodontic brackets.

If you wear orthodontic braces, you need to be extra thorough...don't skip brushing or flossing.

Using an electric toothbrush and Waterpik flosser will make it easier to prevent or cure gingivitis while wearing dental braces.

3. Pregnancy

We can blame hormones and the exhaustion that often accompanies pregnancy. Pregnancy gingivitis happens because higher progesterone level may make it easier for bacteria to grow. Also the gums are more sensitive to plaque.

It doesn't help that pregnanat women are extra tired and may have an overly active gag reflex.

If you already have gum disease, being pregnant can make it worse.  Because gum disease is a risk factor for pre term labor it is important to cure.

4. Dry mouth

There are several reasons for having a dry mouth. Some have an inadequate amount of saliva and have a dry mouth most of the time. Others breath through their mouth at night.  

Either way is not good...Gums are not meant to be dry.  Oral tissues need saliva to stay healthy.  Finding a cure for gingivitis is harder with a dry mouth.

If you breath through your mouth at night, you most likely have gingivitis in the front of your mouth.

Mouth breathing gingivitis is very common.The inside surface of your upper incisors is most impacted by mouth breathing because it has no protection from your lips.

How to tell if you have gingivitis caused by mouth breathing

If your gums hurt or bleed when you floss between your upper front teeth and keep bleeding even after you have flossed correctly for a week, it's likely that you have gingivitis caused by mouth breathing.

chronic allergies, sinus problems, sleep apnea, or snoring can lead to mouth breathing at night. Watch for symptoms of gingivitis if you have any of these conditions.

Tips for curing mouth breathing gingivitis

  • Be sure your teeth are clean before going to bed.
  • Use a humidifier.
  • Apply a thin layer of vaseline to your gums in the front of your mouth before going to bed.
  • Avoid sleeping on your back.
  • Try to fix your breathing problem so you can breath through your nose.

It is not easy to find a cure for gingivitis if you have a dry mouth, wear braces, are pregnant, or have a sudden change in hormones.

But don't give up... it is important to do everything possible to minimize the effects of inflammation from chronic gingivitis.

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