Periodontal disease photos are not pretty, but may be helpful when trying to identify gum disease symptoms.
Periodontal (gum) disease occurs in many forms and is not always this obvious. In fact, usually it is not obvious at all.
The vast majority of those with early gum disease don't even know they have it.
You could still have this condition even if your gums don't look anything like these pictures.
The best way to know for sure is to have a complete periodontal exam.
This is an example of severe gingivitis.
Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease and the easiest type to cure.
If you have gingivitis, you will see red swollen gums instead of pink and firm gums.
If this person brushed, flossed or even touched these gums, they would bleed.
Seems pretty obvious and it is easy to spot gingivitis when it occurs front and center, right between your two front teeth.
Gingivitis becomes more difficult to diagnose and is much more common on the tongue side of your lower molars...who ever looks there?
Only your dentist or hygienist:)
This picture shows how gum disease progresses. These gums look a little less red and swollen in the very front which seems like a good thing.
But, if you look close, you can see the gums are starting to pull away from the teeth.
This is a more advanced case of gum disease that has started to impact the supporting tissue and maybe even the bone that surrounds these teeth.
A complete periodontal exam with X-rays would help your dentist know what type of treatment is needed.
A deep cleaning would likely be needed along with better home care. It is amazing to see how much these poor gums improve with a little TLC.
I know this is not a pretty sight. But, as extreme as it is, this picture illustrates a coupe of important dental conditions.
Try to ignore the big gaps in this smile and look closely at the teeth that are still there:)
Receding gum line ~ You can see receded gums in this picture. Gum recession happens for a varitety of reasons and occurs even when there are no other symptoms of gum disease. More about receding gums.
Abfraction ~ Look at the notches in the canine teeth near the gums. Those are called abfractions and are caused by a combination of factors including clenching, grinding andabrasion from improper brushing or abrasive toothpaste.
Most dentists agree, the main cause of abfraction is clenching or grinding of teeth which stresses the enamel near the gum line and results in these unsightly notches. Abfraction is made worse by aggressive brushing and abrasive toothpaste.
If you find yourself resembling any of these photos, you can repair your smile and improve your health. I have seen it happen time after time and you can do it too.